Background: PD1/PDL1 pathway targeting using antibodies shows immune related adverse events in patients with tumors. The masking of PD1 ligand by soluble human PD-1 (shPD-1) probably inhibits the PD1/PDL1 interaction between T cells and tumor cells. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to produce human recombinant PD-1-secreting cells and find out how soluble human PD-1 affects T lymphocyte function.